FAQ's - Legal Aspects of Mediation*
I heard that anyone disputing about custody and/or visitation is now required to go to mediation. Is that true?Yes. As of January, 2007, parties involved in a dispute over custody or visitation in the state of Illinois must go through mediation (with some exceptions for domestic violence) to attempt resolving non-financial disputes in a non-adversarial manner. There is also a new 4 hour parenting education requirement covering the issues of custody and visitation and the impact for children. You can find information regarding these new statutes by clicking on this link: Illinois child custody statutes.
The person with whom I am disputing has an attorney who has offered to mediate. Shouldn't we just have him or her mediate instead of paying for someone else?
You can go to any mediator you choose,
including attorney-mediators. However, if the other party has already
hired an attorney who is then offering to mediate your case, NMS
suggests you proceed cautiously. If an attorney is already representing
one party, his or her neutrality as a mediator may be questionable. On
the other hand, there are many excellent attorney-mediators whose
primary role may be as a mediator. When you are considering hiring an
attorney, you should be clear about your needs and about the role you
want the attorney to play.
Unless an attorney-mediator has been hired jointly as an attorney by both parties and has a consistent and balanced past and present relationship with both parties, attorney-mediators should be functioning in either one role or the other (either as an attorney or as a mediator) but not both.
Sometimes opposing attorneys will sit down with each other and their clients to try and "mediate" some sort of solution. Technically speaking, this is actually more accurately known as a "negotiation" unless a neutral third-party such as mediator is also present.
I have an attorney who is also a mediator, why can't he or she mediate?
can go to any mediator you choose, including attorney-mediators.
However, even if the person with whom you are in conflict suggests
using your attorney as a mediator, I would proceed cautiously or
consider hiring a mediator who represents neither of you. If your
attorney is "mediating" between you and the other party, chances are he
or she is really negotiating on your behalf (after all, that's why
you've hired an attorney) and the other party won't like that. The
"mediation" (under the circumstances more accurately a "negotiation")
would likely break-down and/or the other person might have
second-thoughts about any agreements made, possibly leading to future
conflict and/or litigation.
Can I consult with an attorney before, during, or after mediation?
is your right to consult with an attorney at any point in the mediation
process and NMS encourages this. Individuals with divorce and/or child
custody and visitation disputes are particularly encouraged to obtain
an attorney. However, in order for mediation to be successful, parties
must feel free to be forthcoming with relevant information without the
fear that that information will be used against them in the future. If
the mediator determines the mediation process is being used for
something other than resolving the dispute, she will terminate the
Also, NMS cannot provide legal advice to anyone at any time. If you have legal questions, the mediator will refer you to your attorney, or if you don't have an attorney, we will strongly suggest that you obtain one. If you reach an agreement in mediation, NMS may write that agreement up for you as a mediation agreement only. You must seek the assistance of an attorney and/or the courts to turn that agreement into a legal document.
Can my attorney attend mediation with me?
Yes. In Illinois, clients are allowed to have attorneys present with them during mediation. Mediation is a voluntary process, however, and if one of the parties does not want the other party's attorney present during mediation, and therefore refuses to participate, mediation cannot take place. Attorneys are usually not present during divorce, custody & visitation disputes.
Let's say we reach an agreement in mediation. Then what happens? Is it binding?If you reach an agreement in mediation it will not be legally binding unless you file it in court. For community disputes oftentimes a verbal or written agreement is sufficient for parties to abide by the terms. Divorce and custody agreements need to be filed in court either by an attorney or Pro Se (self-representation). Some attorneys offer unbundled services where they will file the appropriate paperwork while allowing clients to reach agreements on their own or through mediation. While Noah Mediation Services can assist you in drafting an agreement, there is no circumstance under which we can file any legal paperwork on your behalf.
Can we hire one attorney to represent us both in court?
No. Attorneys are required to represent only one client. However, if an agreement has been reached mutually by parties, sometimes attorneys will file the paperwork on behalf of clients. It is important to know, however, that even if an attorney files on behalf of a couple that has an agreement, that attorney must still officially represent only one client and will have to list which client they are representing with the court. It is always best for each person to have their own separate attorney who can review things and advise them.
What is an "Emergency Intervention?"
In Cook County, Illinois, a case may come before the court as an "emergency intervention." This is usually filed as such by an attorney or categorized as such by a judge. Emergency interventions are cases involving children that have an emergency component to them. Some such situations may include: accusations of child neglect or abuse, removal/out of state disputes, accusations of one parent denying access to the children from the other parent.
Emergency interventions usually take place immediately on the day they are in court through Family Mediation Services located at 69 W. Washington, St, in Chicago, IL. An "emergency intervener" is randomly assigned from FMS and then begins the process of evaluating the situation by speaking with all parties involved, including children. Sometimes emergency interveners will contact individuals by phone who are not physically present at the intervention. Emergency Interveners do not determine custody, but they do make recommendations to the court regarding the particular "emergency" issue that has come before them. The entire emergency intervention takes place over one day and can take anywhere from two hours to a full business day.
Isn't mediation really just the Unauthorized Practice of Law?No. In 2002 the American Bar Association Section of Dispute Resolution issued a notice clearly stating that mediation IS NOT the Unauthorized Practice of Law. It reads in part: "Mediation is a process in which an impartial individual assists the parties in reaching a voluntary settlement. Such assistance does not constitute the practice of law. The parties to the mediation are not represented by the mediator." Click here to read the full notice.
*The information provided is not intended as legal advice and shall not be construed as such.